The UNESCO World Heritage sites in India are recognised places that are culturally rich and significant. They are extraordinary works to be noted in the history of human evolution, offering so much to learn. A visit to UNESCO sites in India will be a memorable journey filled with the rich cultural diversity of the Indian Sub-Continent. Let’s explore the most famous list of UNESCO world heritage sites in India.
List of UNESCO World Heritage sites in India
*Arranged in the order of the years they were declared as World Heritage Sites*
- Taj Mahal (1983)
- Ajanta Caves (1983)
- Ellora Caves (1983)
- Agra Fort (1983)
- Sun Temple, Konarak (1984)
- Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984)
- Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam (1985)
- Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam (1985)
- Keoladeo National Park (1985)
- Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Madhya Pradesh (1986)
- Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986)
- Churches and Convents of Goa (1986)
- Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh (1986)
- Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987)
- Elelphanta Caves (1987)
- Great Living Chola Temples (1987)
- Sundarbans National Park (1987)
- Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988)
- Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh (1989)
- Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi (1993)
- Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi (1993)
- Mountain Railways of India (1999, 2005 and 2008)
- Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya, Bihar (2002)
- Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh (2003)
- Champaner-Pavagahdh Archaeological Park, Gujarat (2004)
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus – formerly Victoria Terminus (2004)
- Red Fort Complex (2007)
- Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010)
- Western Ghats (2012)
- Hill Forts of Rajasthan (2013)
- Rani ki vav – the Queen’s Stepwell (2014)
- Great Himalayan National Park (2014)
- Nalanda (2016)
- Khangchendzonga National Park (2016)
- The Architectural Works of Le Corbusier (2016)
- Historic City of Ahmadabad (2017)
- Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai (2018)
1. Taj Mahal (1983)
Taj Mahal, the most beautiful marble marvel, was built for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s wife, Mumtaz Mahal. This ‘Crown of Palaces’ is an epitome of love and shows the architectural prowess of the Mughals. Taj Mahal is said to have been built over 20 years, with thousands of workers for construction and thousand elephants for transportation. Taj Mahal is the most visited place in India, attracting more than one million visitors every year. Don’t miss to click a picture before this well maintained historical place in India.
How to reach: Taj Mahal is in Agra, which is well connected through air, road and rail from major cities of India. Take any local transport to reach Taj Mahal in ease.
2&3. Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves (1983)
Ajanta and Ellora Caves are both recognised as UNESCO sites in India, known for its rock cut architecture and intricate paintings. Ajanta caves consist of 30 caves with temples, statues and mural paintings from the 2nd Century BC. These caves best represent the Buddhist arts and crafts culture. Ellora caves are known for its Kailash temple (Lord Shiva temple) with life-size elephant sculptures.
This famous set of caves consists of mixed arts of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. The magnificent caves are craved by thousand hands of sculptures with just hammer and chisel, making it one of the World’s largest cave art complexes. Visit these caves to enjoy the architectural marvel of monastic culture. Look out for the annual music and dance festival organised at these Caves showcasing the best talents of the country.
How to reach: Aurangabad is the nearest city to these caves which is accessible from major cities Pune and Mumbai. The Ajanta caves are around 100 Kms from Aurangabad city, and the Ellora caves are just 30 Kms away from Aurangabad city.
4. Agra Fort (1983)
If you are heading to Taj Mahal, don’t miss the magnificent Agra Fort nearby. Agra Fort complex comprises of beautiful palaces, mosques and gardens built during the Mughal Empire. This was first a military camp then transformed into living palaces for the kings. It’s awe-inspiring to see the Jahangir Mahal, Khas Mahal(Shah Jahan and Mumtaj’s palace), Moti Masjid(Pearl Mosque), Diwan-i-Am(Hall of Public Audience) and Diwan-i-Khas(Hall of Private Audience).
How to reach: Agra Fort is just 2.5Kms away from Taj Mahal.
Also See: Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan
5. Konark Sun Temple (1984)
Konark Sun Temple is the excavated remains of the 13th Century temple carved by the Ganga Dynasty. This temple is known for its grandeur and intricate carvings in large scale. The temple resembles a 100-foot chariot with 12 pairs of wheels symbolising 12 months and 7 horses dragging it symbolising 7 weeks. This temple is dedicated to the Sun God, as the shrine has a giant Sun God statue that is believed to control the passage of time. This temple is a famous pilgrimage site for Hindus. Legend says that there was a magnetic dome over the temple that was destroyed as it disturbed ships near the coast. The remains even at this state is a very inspiring architectural marvel and a major attraction in the east coast of Odisha.
How to reach: Konark Sun Temple can be reached by road from Puri. The city of Puri is well connected from Bhuvaneshwar.
6. Groups of monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984)
The ancient remnants of the Pallava architecture form the group of structures in Mahabalipuram that are given the status of UNESCO World Heritage sites. A famous tourist destination in South India, Mahabalipuram consists of 40 monuments, the highlights being Structural temples, Rathas, Mandapas, and low relief sculptured rocks. The Arjuna’s Penance has sculptures of shape-shifting reptiles to astronomers of the Pallava times to life-size elephants, making it the largest open-air low relief sculpture in the World.
The monuments are dedicated to deities and characters in Hindu Mythology with importance to Shiva, Vishnu and Durga. These rock-cut architectures are carved from the top to bottom opposite to the usual bottom to top method, revealing beautiful temples all over the coast of Mahabalipuram a testament to the Pallavas rule.
How to reach: Mahabalipuram is easily accessible from Chennai (60 Kms) and Chengalpattu (30 Kms).
7. Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam (1985)
Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected forest of 430 sq.kms area. It is home to the famous One Horned Rhinos. This evergreen forest is not disturbed by human presence and has an abundance of rare species. Located in the beautiful state of Assam, this attraction can be witnessed by a vehicle safari or elephant safari. This UNESCO heritage site is one among the famous National parks in India attracting many visitors.
How to reach: The nearest airport is Jorhat, the nearest rail station is Furkating, and there are direct buses to the national park. Guwahati is the principal city nearby which is 217km away.
8. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam (1985)
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a biosphere reserve, Tiger reserve and Elephant reserve recognised as UNESCO sites in India. This national park is spread across the Himalayan foothills of Assam. One can truly experience the wild in these forests through forest lodge stays and jungle safaris.
Manas is home to more than 500 species of flora and fauna. There are many picnic spots around these scenic landscapes, and river rafting, elephant safari and bird watching are popular attractions apart from the abundant wildlife. There are also small communities living in harmony with nature, which depend on tea plantations in the sanctuary.
How to reach: Guwahati is the nearest railway station, from there it’s a 5-hour journey on the road, prior permission is required to stay in the forest lodges and always inquire about the local climate before the visit.
9. Keoladeo National Park (1985)
Keoladeo National Park is in Eastern Rajasthan and 50kms west of Agra. The park comprises one-third of wetland area, thus home to various species of fishes, insects and birds. Keoladeo is known as ‘bird paradise’ and attracts a large number of bird watchers every year. This avifauna park shelters thousands of birds during the winter season, and waterfowls are important among them.
How to reach: the park is in Bharatpur, which is well connected by road and rail. Agra is the nearest airport, which is 50kms away.
10. Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Madhya Pradesh (1986)
Khajuraho is the sight of stunning group of Hindu and Jain temples built by rulers of Rajput Chandela Dynasty. This Nagara style architecture is well known for its sculptures with all kinds of human emotions. The temples are dedicated to Hindu Gods with importance to Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu. The temples are also famous for artful, erotic sculptures of sexual practices of the time. The advanced art and sculptures at this place is one of a kind and seen nowhere in the World.
How to reach: Khajuraho has its own airport and Jhansi is the nearby terminal for trains and buses. Autos in the city are the best ways to explore the temples.
11. Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986)
Hampi is a group of monuments from the Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th century and recognised as UNESCO world heritage sites in India in 1986. The ruins consist of temples, monolithic sculptures and monuments that are a significant attraction in Karnataka. The Vijayanagara Empire being one of the powerful during the medieval era, built an architecturally rich town on the banks of Tungabhadra river.
It’s stunning to witness the planning of this capital city, with large water tanks, public squares, community kitchens, elephant stables and many temples devoted to various deities. Visit the marvellous old city divided as Hampi bazaar and Royal centre near Kamalapuram to witness the life of the medieval era and beautiful shrines.
How to reach: This ancient place is well connected to major cities like Bengaluru and Mysuru. The nearest railway is Hospet 13Kms from Hampi.
Also See: 7 Gorgeous hidden gems of Karnataka
12. Churches and Convents of Goa (1986)
A set of religious monuments at Goa was given the status of UNESCO sites in India and named as Churches and Convents of Goa in1986. This part of Old Goa has seven monuments of various architectural styles which influenced the development of Catholic religion in the Asian region. This part of Goa was a booming town during the Portuguese era, but only a few people live in this part now.
The cathedrals are all historical sites with carved altars and beautiful gardens, and only two are used for religious services. These monuments showcase the influence of Portuguese architecture and culture, and the place has a pleasing Portuguese cuisine attracting tourists all year long. Along with the beaches, don’t miss to visit these cultural sites during the evenings for beautiful views.
How to reach: These sites are easily reached through local transport from Goa.
Also See: Places to visit in Goa in 4 Days
13. Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh (1986)
The city of victory, Fatehpur Sikri was built by Akbar and was the Mughal Empire’s capital from 1571. Fatehpur Sikri is largely overshadowed by the famous Taj Mahal and Agra Fort. This lost city offers you the impressive Mughal architecture of the imperial palace of the king of kings, Akbar. This amazing city constructed on a rocky hill was abandoned due to lack of water supply. Fatehpur Sikri stands tall even today, and its intricate details make you fall in love with palaces of the Mughal times.
How to reach: this site is 40 Kms from Agra. There are bus services from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri.
14. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987)
Pattadakal is famous for a group of 10 intricately carved temples built during the times of the Chalukya Dynasty. The temples depict various stories from the Hindu epics Mahabharatha and Ramayana, and many are dedicated to Lord Shiva. These temples were worship sites for the Royals, and their coronation happens in this holy place. Now present in the Bijapur district of Karnataka, these monuments are preserved in the beautiful backdrop of nature. Visit the place to get a glimpse of this holy city and marvellous creations by the Chalukyas.
How to reach: Bengaluru is the nearest major city, and there are the bus, train (Badami) and air (Belgaum) transports to Pattadakal from Bengaluru.
15. Elelphanta Caves (1987)
This is a mythical place in the centre of the bustling city of Mumbai which is filled with stories about Lord Shiva. Elephanta Caves are present in Gharapuri Island, which are cave temples worshipped by Hindus. There are many statues and rooms carved into the caves, which are stunning examples of Indian Architecture. The main attraction is the huge Lord Shiva statue carved with three heads, representing Shiva as the Destroyer, Inventor and Preserver. Visit the temple to observe the exquisite rock carvings and to hear the mythical stories depicted in the walls.
How to reach: The Elephant caves can be reached only through a boat. There are many boat services and adventurous cruise services from Gateway of India.
16. Great Living Chola Temples (1987)
Great Living Chola Temples are a group of Dravidian type temples built by the Chola Dynasty of Tamil Civilization, now one of the prominent UNESCO sites in India. These temples stand tall as the exceptional example of the architectural prowess of the Chola Empire. The 1000-year-old Brihadeeswarer Temple in Thanjavur has the tallest temple tower in the World. The grand temple has a scared Nandi carved out of single rock and a tall Lord Shivalingam. Gangaikonda cholapuram is also a Brihadeeswarer Temple similar to the one in Tanjore with marvellous sculptures and was erected to celebrate the victory of Rajendra Chola over the Ganges.
The third in the group is Airateswara temple at Darasuram near Kumbakonam which is also dedicated to Lord Shiva. The front mandapa of this beautiful temple is in the form of a chariot, and the temple has intricate carvings everywhere. These temples are the most ambitious feat of architecture in the Indian sub-continent
How to reach: Tanjore and Kumbakonam have well accessible Rail and Road lines that connect you to the Temples.
17. Sundarbans National Park (1987)
The World’s most extensive Mangrove forests, Sundarbans houses the surreal national park which is a biosphere reserve and a tiger reserve. This UNESCO natural heritage sites in India has 400 Royal Bengal tigers, the hottest attraction in the region. Drifting in boats through the Mangrove forests and adventurous trails to spot tigers give visitors the rich experience of this swampland. The National park also has unique and rare species like Indian Python, Irrawaddy Dolphins, Hawksbill turtle, Saltwater crocodiles, etc. The place remains remote due to its hostile wild nature, making it an experience like escaping into a new world.
How to reach: Sundarbans are best experienced from October to February, is well accessed from Kolkata.
18. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988)
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks are two parks and a combined buffer zone that is recognised as UNESCO natural heritage sites in India. This incredible place is in Uttarakhand and is a famous tourist spot with adventurous trekking trails. Dominated by the second largest peak of India, Nanda Devi, this Himalayan region has spectacular landscapes and rich biodiversity. The beautiful meadows of Alpine flowers at high altitude valleys are a major attraction. These National Parks are home for many endangered species including Snow Leopard and Himalayan Musk Deer. History says that these beautiful valleys remained unknown to the World till 1931. This Himalayan region is nature at its best, visit experience tranquillity in the mountains.
How to reach: This place is well connected from Badrinath, in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. The valley is in full bloom during July.
19. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh (1989)
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi has the oldest relics dedicated to the Buddhist faith. Sanchi has a group of Palaces, Temples, Pillars and Monasteries which are collectively recognised as UNESCO world heritage site in India. Emperor Ashoka erected the Great Stupa at Sanchi as an effort to start spreading Buddhism. This Stupa is the oldest stone structure in India which has the teachings of Lord Buddha engraved in it. This site was forgotten after the 4th century and then rediscovered during the British era. The site is now a museum and is still excavated for further ruins. Visit these rustic monuments for its historical importance and the enigmatic Ashoka pillar.
How to reach: Bhopal is the nearest station to reach Sanchi. There are regular buses and taxis from Bhopal to Sanchi.
20. Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi (1993)
Humayun’s Tomb is the first of the Mughal architecture marvels in India. This grand mausoleum is built in the memory of Humayun, the second king to ascend the throne of the Mughal Empire. Humayun’s wife Bega Begum commissioned this splendid building and introduced the Persian style of Architecture in India. This famous property is in the capital city of Delhi and attracts many tourists all over the year. While in Delhi, plan a visit to this seeming to float red and white building amidst the symmetrical gardens.
How to reach: Humayun’s tomb is accessible through all local transports in Delhi and is easily reached through Delhi metro.
21. Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi (1993)
Qutb Minar is a 73-meter tall tower, the highest brick structure in the World. This five storey tower was built by three emperors from the year 1193 and looks magnificent till date. The Qutb Minar complex has various other monuments like mosques, 7-metre high iron pillar and tombs. The Quwwat-us-Islam Mosque is the oldest mosque to be built in India. A visit to this historical place with many stunning monuments in Delhi is an experience on its own.
How to reach: Qutb Minar is well accessible through Delhi local transport.
22. Mountain Railways of India (1999, 2005 and 2008)
Mountain Railways of India, famously toy trains of India, is a group of three railway lines over rugged mountain regions from the Himalayan range and the Western Ghats. During the British Rule, India was made more accessible through extensive Railway lines. The foreign rulers made hill regions their abode to escape the tropical heat of the sub-continent.
This led to the construction of bold, ingenious engineering solutions, as recognised as UNESCO sites in India, to transport them quickly to the hills. The first recognised is Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (1999), opened in 1881, runs 82 Kms rising up to 7407 feet. This monumental railway consists of a series of tunnels, bridges and hairpin bends, revealing the scenic Darjeeling and takes you to India’s highest railway station, Ghum.
The second, Nilgiri Mountain Railway was recognised in 2005 as UNESCO sites in India. The project went for two decades long, as the terrain was very rough and remains as an incredible achievement of Engineering till date. It was opened in 1908, making Ooty a hotspot to escape the heat.
The third recognised Kalka Shimla Railway (2008) runs 96 Kms passing through 103 tunnels, 969 bridges and 20 scenic stations. This railway strategically connected to Delhi and was used for military purposes. The vista domes in the trains connecting Kalka-Shimla gives picturesque views of the Himalayas. A ride in these affordable trains will be one of your most memorable railways travels ever.
How to reach: The mountain railways are well connected to major Indian city railways of Delhi, Kolkata, Coimbatore and Guwahati.
Also See: Shimla vs Munnar
23. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya, Bihar (2002)
One of the most famous places in the World, Bodh Gaya is the place where Buddha attained enlightenment. Mahabodhi temple, the much-rebuilt property which was first constructed in 5th century AD, is one of the oldest temples built with bricks in the North Eastern part of India. This beautiful Buddhist temple is known for the famous Bodhi tree, the grand Buddha statue, Lotus Pond and various ancient artefacts.
This temple attracts Buddha devotees and Hindu pilgrims all round the year. It is also a famous place among the historical enthusiasts who enjoy the spectacular architecture and rich culture around the place.
How to reach: Bodh Gaya is 96 Kms from the capital city of Bihar, Patna. Bodh Gaya is well connected through roads and railways.
24. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh (2003)
Bhimbetka Rock Shelters are a 10 km stretch of caves and rocks consisting of signs of earliest human habitation recognised. It has a series of paintings dating back to 30,000 years and shows us a glimpse of human life during the Stone Age. Proving the existence of human life 1,00,000 years ago in the Indian Sub-continent, there are exciting paintings from geometrical stick drawings to sophisticated paintings of dancing and battle scenes. This rock shelter region is named after Bhima from Mahabharatha, as the Pandavas were believed to be present there during their banishment period. A visit to this place is a time travel back to Stone Age, witnessing very old paintings and the trace of evolution.
How to reach: The Rock shelters are 45 Km distance from Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh.
25. Champaner-Pavagahdh Archaeological Park, Gujarat (2004)
Champaner is the hidden treasure in Gujarat, with more than 60 archaeological sites. Champaner is lesser known to the tourists and a splendid city, making it an intriguing place to visit during a trip to Vadodara. Champaner-Pavagahdh park is famous for Citadel (a monumental mosque), Jami Masjid(a surreal mosque that seems to have stood the test of time), Saat Kamman(Seven Arches) and other ruins of the ancient city.
How to reach: Vadodara is the nearest city with a well-connected airport and railway station. There are frequent buses from Vadodara and Ahmedabad to Champaner.
26. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus – formerly Victoria Terminus (2004)
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the much celebrated colonial building, is 131 years old. Tens and thousands of people commute through the terminus every day. The very crowded railway station has a beautiful architecture constructed with a mix of marble, yellow and red sandstone and limestone. The carvings in the outer walls have flora and fauna species and human faces intricately designed. The Star Chamber and the principal stairwells are the most attractive interiors of the terminus.
How to reach: This historic railway station connects to all major cities of India.
27. Red Fort Complex (2007)
The Red Fort was the palace fort of Shah Jahan when the Mughal Empire moved its capital to Delhi from Agra. The Red Fort is known for its mixed architectural style inspired mainly from Persian and Hindu traditions. The Complex comprises of palaces, entertainment halls, balconies, hall of public audience and hall of private audience, with elaborate canal systems inside. This is a major attraction in New Delhi now, which is also used for Government events.
How to reach: The Red Fort is well accessible by local transport systems of Delhi.
28. Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010)
Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur constructed one of India’s largest observatories in 1734, the Jantar Mantar. Legend is that Maharaja Jai Singh was very interested in Astronomy and designed the instruments with astronomers to study various astronomical bodies. The large sized instruments are very intriguing in nature and learning its mechanism is very interesting during the visit.
Looking like a place full of modern arts, this famous place has many astronomical systems, which give accurate readings. People visit this place for the historical significance and wonder at the development of astronomy 300 years ago. Everyone who visits explore each system and try all methods of observation, kindling the feeling of going back to our physics laboratories in school and its definitely going to intrigue kids.
How to reach: This place is in the heart of the pink city, Jaipur and is well accessed through local transport.
Also See: Best places to visit in Jaipur in 2 days
29. Western Ghats (2012)
The Western Ghats is a mountainous range that runs across the West coast of the Indian Sub-Continent. These rain forests are one of the eight hotspots of Bio-diversity in the World. Hailed to be older than the Himalayas, the beautiful stretch of Western Ghats influences the rainfall pattern of India. 39 sites of Western Ghats have the status of UNESCO World Heritage site in India.
30. Hill Forts of Rajasthan (2013)
The six hill forts of Rajasthan present in the Aravalli Range is a clustered UNESCO site in India. Rajasthan was home to the rich Rajput princely states which constructed various hill forts designed as a strategic construction during war times. The forts use the defence from natural landscapes, defending the bustling city centres, palaces and temples of that time. Many of these centuries-old monuments have stood the test of time and is preserved with great care now. The six hill forts are,
- Chittor Fort at Chittorgarh
- Kumbhalgarh Fort at Kumbhalgarh
- Ranthambore Fort at Sawai Madhopur
- Gagron Fort at Jhalawar
- Amer Fort at Jaipur
- Jaisalmer Fort at Jaisalmer
31. Rani ki vav – the Queen’s Stepwell (2014)
Rani ki vav is a stepwell, a well known Indian architecture used to store and lift water. This large well with steps to reach the levels of water was a major water source for our ancestors. Rani ki vav is a memorial built for Chalukya king Bhima by his wife, Rani Udayamati. Rani ki vav is located in the banks of River Saraswati and has many intricate carvings of religious and mythical imagery. This stepwell is believed to have medical plants, thus making the water a cure for common diseases.
How to reach: A major attraction of Gujarat, Rani ki vav is in Patan. Patan is connected to Mehsana by frequent buses, and Mehsana has a well-connected railway. Ahmedabad is the nearest airport.
32. Great Himalayan National Park (2014)
The Great Himalayan National Park located in Himachal Pradesh is a well protected UNESCO site in India. The National Park operates for the betterment of biodiversity and life of flora and fauna in the park. There are around 160 ecovillages in the buffer zone of the park while it is encircled by Rupi Bhaba sanctuary and Pin Valley National Park. This park ranges from 1500 to 6000 m altitude and thus offers mesmerising views of the mountainous landscape around. This park has famous trekking expeditions which can be enjoyed with an overnight stay in scenic hotels near the reserve.
How to reach: For road and air travels, Kullu is a convenient city. Joginder Nagar is the nearest railway station. But the park is connected to the outside World by gravel roads.
33. Nalanda Mahavihara (2016)
Nalanda Mahavihara is an ancient Indian University established during 450 CE and remained as a learning centre for many hundred years. The archaeological remains of the University are present at Nalanda, 95 Kms from the Bihar’s capital Patna. The Nalanda ruins are a testament to the growing ways of Buddhism as a religion and traditional educational institutions.
Being one of the most important Buddhist centres, the University offered uninterrupted education for over 800 years and attracted students from various countries. With temples, libraries, meditation halls, surrounded by scenic lakes and parks, Nalanda remains one of the greatest centres of knowledge present in human history. A visit to this ancient place is very culturally illuminating and the architecture back in the day will blow your mind.
How to reach: Nalanda Mahavihara is just 95Kms from Patna and is well accessible through roads.
34. Khangchendzonga National Park (2016)
Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve is the first mixed (2016) UNESCO sites in India. The National Park is named after the World’s third highest peak, Khangchendzonga, and the peak forms an impressive background to the park. This lesser known destination in Sikkim is at the heart of the Himalayan range and is home for mountains, lakes, glaciers and various flora and fauna. The park is a trekking paradise with its diverse landscapes and is well protected for the betterment of wildlife. Enjoy Sikkim’s eco-tourism by visiting this park and indulging in the beauty of Mother Nature.
How to reach: Gangtok is the nearest city to Khangchendzonga National park, Gangtok is accessible through air, rail and road, from major cities like Calcutta, New Delhi and Guwahati.
35. The Architectural Works of Le Corbusier (2016)
One of the architectural works of Le Corbusier lies in Chandigarh city, marking the Indian part of the UNESCO site. The Chandigarh capitol complex is a bustling government compound comprising legislative assembly, secretariat, high court and the famous open hand statue, tower of shadows and geometric hill. The tower of shadows is known for its design as not a single sun rays enter the tower. All these buildings have unique style and detail, attracting many tourists. The capital of two states, Chandigarh was designed by French architect, Le Corbusier in 1966 and a select 17 of his works are considered heritage sites for its modernity.
How to reach: Chandigarh is well connected through all means of transport. One has to register at sector 1 for a tour of these buildings.
36. Historic City of Ahmadabad (2017)
Ahmadabad is the first heritage city of India. This beautiful city of Gujarat is said to be an example for community living. Pols are closed quarters of a community which open up to a central square which has religious shrines, community wells and bird feeding structures. This walled city has as many as 20 protected historic sites, like Forts, Palaces, Minars, community Pols, Mosques, Jain temples, etc.. Take a historic tour organised by the Ahmadabad Government, to see the most out of the centuries’ old Ahmadabad.
How to reach: Ahmadabad is the well-connected capital city of Gujarat. Walking through the old part of the city and taking local transports are the best way to explore the place.
37. Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai (2018)
The recent addition to the UNESCO sites in India, the Victorian Gothic buildings and Art Deco buildings are unique architectures of the British era and early independent era. The set of these unique structures are constructed around Oval Maiden, a ground for recreational activities. The famous Victorian gothic buildings recognised are the Bombay High Court, the University of Mumbai and the Rajabai Clock tower. The famous art deco buildings recognised are the residential buildings in the Fort area, Marine drive, and Eros cinemas building. A visit to Mumbai will indulge you in three of the UNESCO sites in India each a marvel of its own.
How to reach: Mumbai local transport connects air and rail stations, and take you to the historic buildings.
Now, the Indian Government has issued new Rupee notes with motifs of the architectural marvels of India, like Konark Sun Temple, Sanchi Stupa, Stone chariot of Hampi, Rani ki vav, etc..India is best known for its diversity, the UNESCO sites recognised in India are also diverse providing an enthralling experience. Plan a visit to these 37 UNESCO World heritage sites and dive in the cultural heritage of our fascinating India.